Mission – The Recovery Audit Program’s mission is to identify and reduce Medicare improper payments through the efficient detection and collection of overpayments made on claims of health care services provided to Medicare beneficiaries, and the identification of underpayments to providers so that the CMS can implement actions that will prevent future improper payments in all 50 states.

Background – The national Recovery Audit program is the product of a successful demonstration program that utilized Recovery Auditors to identify Medicare overpayments and underpayments to health care providers and suppliers in randomly selected states. The demonstration ran between 2005 and 2008 and resulted in over $900 million in overpayments being returned to the Medicare Trust Fund and nearly $38 million in underpayments returned to health care providers. As a result, Congress required the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to institute (under Section 302 of the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006) a permanent and national Recovery Audit program to recoup overpayments associated with services for which payment is made under part A or B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act.

Each Recovery Auditor is responsible for identifying overpayments and underpayments in approximately ¼ of the country. The Recovery Audit Program jurisdictions match the DME MAC jurisdictions.

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